The supply chain, which is temperature regulated is known as a cold chain. In Cold Chain Logistics India, the refrigerated products are stored and distributed along with the associated equipment and logistics, which maintain a low-temperature range throughout the process. The purpose of doing this is to preserve and extend the shelf life of the products.
The products may include anything ranging from seafood, chemicals, and pharmaceutical drugs to fresh agricultural produce. Such products are known as ‘cool cargo' during their transportation and when they are stored. The cold chain goods are almost always perishable, and they are temporarily preserved in cold storage while they are headed towards their supply destination.
The following are some of the acts and institutions governing the Cold Chain Logistics India:
The Essential Commodities Act, 1955, enables the State Government to control the price, storage and movement of the essential commodities. The Central Government revised the essential commodities on 2nd July 2014 by adding potatoes and onions. The State Governments have the power to conduct raids to check hoarding and any storage exceeding the stock limit is considered as hoarding, and the hoarders are entitled to the legal action. When a stock limit is imposed, the farmer is forced to release the excess stock into the market, and thus, the cold storage owner is at a disadvantage because the farmer withdraws his stock from the storage.
Set up in 1988, it is the ministry of the Government of India, which was responsible for the formulation and execution of the rules and regulations relating to the food processing in India. It was primarily set up to develop a strong processing industry. It assists cold storages under the Scheme for Cold Chain, Value Addition and Preservation Infrastructure.
Coming into effect from 13th February 1986, it has the power to carry out the inspection of meat products in slaughterhouses, processing plants, storage premises and other places where such products are handled to ensure their quality and the collection and maintenance of statistical data. It assists in the scheme of the development of infrastructure for setting up of integrated packhouses with cold storage amenities.
Assistance for the development of post-harvest infrastructure including cold storage is provided.
It implements the scheme of capital investment subsidy for the construction, expansion and modernisation of cold storage and storages for horticulture produce.
The regulation of the quality of food and the prevention and control of foodborne illnesses resulting from the contamination of food by pathogenic bacteria, viruses, parasites or other toxins are the primary concerns of these acts and institutions governing the Cold Chain Logistics India. These, if done adequately, will lead to massive progress in this industry.